Musculoskeletal Issues

Musculoskeletal conditions are defined as conditions of the bones, muscles and their attachments, and include joint problems such as arthritis. 

Although there are more than one hundred musculoskeletal conditions the most common are Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Osteoporosis and Back Pain.


  • Chronic Back Pain can be attributed to numerous causes including muscle strain or the displacement of an intervertebral disc 
  • Arthritis is characterised by inflammation of the joints, often resulting in pain, stiffness, disability and deformity. The two most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. 
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis is an auto-immune disease causing chronic inflammation of the joints. It most commonly affects the hand joints and can lead to deformities of the hands 
  • Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint condition affecting the weight‐bearing joints such as the hips, knees and ankles as well as the hands and spine. In the initial stages pain occurs in the joints during and after activity but as the condition progresses pain may be experienced from minimal movement or during rest.

There are more than 150 forms of arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions, and their causes include overuse of joints, congenital anomalies, metabolic or biochemical abnormalities, infections, inflammatory conditions, trauma and cancer. These conditions result in few deaths but can cause significant pain and disability, severely limiting a person’s ability to perform everyday tasks at home and work.